Male circumcision is normal in many parts of the world. Jewish and Muslim baby boys are circumcised for religious reasons. In male circumcision, part or all of the foreskin covering the tip of the penis is removed.
Female circumcision is totally different and is often called female genital mutilation (FGM). This is a tradition in many African countries, but it is illegal in almost 60 countries. The amount of damage done during FGM can vary. During FGM the inner labia and parts of the outer labia are usually removed. It is also quite normal to remove the visible part of the clitoris. Sometimes the vaginal opening is sewn together, in this case only a small opening the diameter of a pencil is left for urine and menstrual blood to pass.
Female circumcision destroys a woman’s chances of having a normal sex life and can lead to complications to do with pregnancy and giving birth. In some countries people who circumcise girls can get long prison sentences.