Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. In 2015 there were 61 million new cases worldwide. The disease is caused by a bacteria that is passed on by sexual contact. There are often no symptoms that a person is infected, but some people experience a stinging pain when they pee, and there is a discharge of fluid from the penis or vagina. Chlamydia can also infect the throat during oral sex.
If you think you might be infected with chlamydia, you need to take a urine sample to a community nurse or doctor. If the test shows chlamydia, it can be treated with antibiotics.
If chlamydia is not treated, women can get an infection in the Fallopian tubes leading to sterility (not being able to have babies). Men can get the infection in the epididymis, this can also damage their ability to father children. Chlamydia is one of the biggest causes of childlessness today. Chlamydia can also increase the risk of ovarian cancer. Condoms can give some protection against chlamydia, but the best way to avoid it is to avoid having sex with someone who might be infected.